وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يُعْجِبُكَ قَوْلُهُ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَيُشْهِدُ اللَّـهَ عَلَىٰ مَا فِي قَلْبِهِ وَهُوَ أَلَدُّ الْخِصَامِ
وَإِذَا تَوَلَّىٰ سَعَىٰ فِي الْأَرْضِ لِيُفْسِدَ فِيهَا وَيُهْلِكَ الْحَرْثَ وَالنَّسْلَ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْفَسَادَ
وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُ اتَّقِ اللَّـهَ أَخَذَتْهُ الْعِزَّةُ بِالْإِثْمِ ۚ فَحَسْبُهُ جَهَنَّمُ ۚ وَلَبِئْسَ الْمِهَادُ
“And of mankind there is he whose speech may please you (O Muhammad ), in this worldly life, and he calls Allah to witness as to that which is in his heart, yet he is the most quarrelsome of the opponents (aladul khisam).”
And when he turns away (from you O Muhammad), his effort in the land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops and the cattle, and Allah likes not mischief.
And when it is said to him, “Fear Allah”, he is led by arrogance to (more) crime. So enough for him is Hell, and worst indeed is that place to rest!
[Surah Al-Baqarah (2) : 206]
Who is this “Aladul Khisam”? There is a hadeeth which mentions this type of person and states that he is the most despised person in the sight of Allah.
Here’s an explanation by Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzan:
The most Despised person in the Sight of Allaah
Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzan
Reference: Sharh Usool Al-Emaan – page 503
It is reported by Ai’sha (radiyya Allaahu ‘anhaa) that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
“The most despised person in sight of Allaah is Al-Aladd al Khasim.”
Shaykh Saaleh al-Fawzaan (haafidhahu Allaah) explains this hadeeth;
“In this hadeeth is the prohibition of argumentation and quarrel, and that it is incumbent upon the Muslim to only seek the truth, not to seek being victorious by his argument even though its falsehood as it is the state of the people of misguidance.
His (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) saying; ‘Al-Aladd’: Means; one who excessively quarrels with falsehood.
And his saying: ‘al-Khasim’: Meaning; One who is proficient at quarreling.
What is blameworthy is to quarrel with falsehood in-order to remove the truth and establish falsehood.
And Allaah (Jallaa wa ‘Alaa) despises this type of person because;
1) His purpose is not to establish the truth, rather he only loves to overcome others with his argument even though it is falsehood.
2) And in most cases, a lot of excessive quarreling leads to defaming the quarrelsome person.
3) And because in most quarrels, one of the parties is arguing with falsehood, and this is why it was prohibited.
1. Reported by Saheeh Bukhaaree (no.2457), Saheeh Muslim (2668), and Musnad Ahmed (24277).